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Procurement

Policy and System

1. The Central Government extends price support to wheat and paddy through FCI and State Agencies. Procurement at MSP is open ended i.e., whatever foodgrains are offered by the farmers ,within the stipulated procurement period and which conforms to the quality specifications prescribed by Government of India, are purchased at MSP (and bonus/incentive ,if any)  by the Government agencies including FCI for central Pool. Some States also declare State bonus on wheat and paddy over and above MSP.

Government agencies undertake MSP operation at mandis/ temporary purchase centres/aggregation points. Location and number of purchase centres to be opened are decided in consultation with /by the State governments.

 2. Systems of procurement:

2.1 Wheat - FCI undertakes procurement directly and jointly with SGAs in non-DCP states. In the major procuring states like Punjab, MP and Haryana, wheat is mainly procured by state agencies and they preserve the stocks under their custody for which carry –over charges are paid to them. FCI takes over the stocks for dispatching to other consuming states as per requirement /movement plan. Payments are made to State Govt. /agencies as per Provisional cost sheets issued by GOI after taking over the stocks. In the states like UP and Rajasthan, the wheat procured by state agencies is immediately taken over by FCI.

In DCP States like MP, State Government agencies procure, store and distribute wheat (against Government of India’s allocation for TPDS/OWS etc) within the state. The excess stocks (wheat) procured by the State /its agencies are handed over to FCI in Central Pool for distribution/movement to deficit States.

 2.2 Rice –


Custom Milled Rice (CMR) 

CMR is manufactured by milling paddy procured by State govt. /State agencies and FCI. In the states like A.P, Telangana, Punjab, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, MP, Tamilnadu, Maharasthra, UP & Bihar paddy is mainly procured by State government /State agencies and the resultant rice is delivered to State Government and FCI by getting the paddy milled from rice millers.

Major responsibility of procurement of wheat and paddy is borne by the State agencies whereas FCI procures almost 70% of total rice procured for Central Pool.  

2.3 Coarse grains- Coarse grains are procured by the State governments based on their plan of procurement with prior approval of GOI & subject to distribution of procured coarse grain under TPDS in the procuring state itself.

3. In major wheat and paddy procuring States like Punjab, Haryana & some parts Rajasthan procurement from farmers is undertaken by the FCI/State Agencies through Arhatiyas as per APMC Acts of the concerned State for which commission @ 2.5% of MSP is paid in the States of Punjab & Haryana and @2.25% in Rajasthan. In other States like MP, Chhattisgarh, UP, Uttrakhand, AP, Tamilnadu, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal procurement is made through Co-operative societies and they are paid fixed remunerations at following rates-

Wheat: Rs 27.00 /Qtl

Paddy (Grade ‘A’):  Rs 32/Qtl

Paddy (Common) : Rs 31.25/Qtl

4.Centralized and Decentralized procurement systems:

4.1 Centralized (Non-DCP) procurement system:

Under centralized procurement system, the procurement of foodgrains in Central Pool is undertaken either by FCI directly or by State Govt. Agencies (SGA). Quantity procured by SGAs is handed over to FCI for storage and subsequent issue against GOI allocations in the same State or movement of surplus stocks to other States. The cost of the foodgrains procured by State agencies is reimbursed by FCI as per Provisional per cost-sheet issued by GOI as soon as the stocks are delivered to FCI.

4.2 Decentralized (DCP) Procurement

Under DCP system, the State Government/ its agencies procure, store and distribute (against Government of India’s allocation for TPDS & OWS etc) rice /wheat/coarse grains within the state. The excess stocks (Rice & wheat) procured by the State /its agencies are handed over to FCI in Central Pool. The expenditure incurred by the State Government on procurement, storage and distribution of DCP stocks are reimbursed by Government of India on the laid down principles. The expenses such as MSP, arhatiya/society commission, administrative charges, mandi labour charges, transportation charges, custody & maintenance charges, interest charges, gunny cost, milling charges and statutory taxes are reimbursed on actual basis.  The cost of excess stocks handed over to FCI is reimbursed by FCI to the State Government/agencies as per Government of India costs sheet.

As on date the following States are procuring rice/wheat under DCP system. 

DCP for Rice

S.N.

State

With Effect From

1

Uttrakhand

2002-03

2

Chhattisgarh

2001-02

3

Odisha

2003-04

4

Tamilnadu

2002-03

5

West Bengal

1997-98

6

Kerala

2004-05

7

Karnataka

2009-10

8

Madhya Pradesh

2007-08

9

Andhra Pradesh

Fully DCP for KMS 2015-16.

10

Bihar

2013-14

11.

Telangana

Fully DCP from KMS 2014-15.

12.

Maharashtra

2016-17

13.

Jharkhand

2016-17(only for 1 district),2017-18 (only for 5 Districts), 2018-19 (only for 6 Districts)

14.

Gujarat

2017-18

15

Andaman Nicobar

2003-04

16.

Tripura

KMS 2018-19 and KMS 2019-20 (Rabi Crop)

 

DCP for Wheat

S.N.

State

With Effect From

1

Madhya Pradesh

1999-2000

2

Uttrakhand

2003-04

3

Chattisgarh

2001-02

4

Gujarat

2004-05

5

West Bengal

2010-11

6

Bihar

2014-15

7

Maharashtra

2020-21