Overview of NFSA
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY ACT, 2013
An Act to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
a) COMMENCEMENT: 5th July 2013
b) PROVISIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY:
Coverage / Identification of Beneficiaries
To the extent of up to 75% population of Rural and up to 50% population of Urban areas may be identified as eligible households for food security. The eligible households will be identified in two categories –
i. Households covered under Antyodaya Anna Yojana (Identified to the extent as may be specified by the central government for each state in accordance with the guidelines of Antyodaya Anna Yojana Scheme launched by Central government on 25th December 2000)
ii Priority Households (to be identified in accordance with such guidelines as the State Government concerned may specify)
Entitlements for General People
The households covered under Antyodaya Anna Yojana shall be entitled to get 35 Kg. of foodgrains per household per month.
Every person belonging to priority household shall be entitled to get 5 kg. of foodgrains per person per month.
The said foodgrains will be provided at the prices of Rs. 3 per Kg. for rice, Rs. 2 per Kg. for wheat and Rs. 1 per Kg. for coarsegrains.
Entitlements for Women
Every pregnant woman and lactating mothers except those who are in regular employment with Central or State Government or Public Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law, shall be entitled to:-
Meal, free of charge, during pregnancy and six months after the child birth, through the local anganwadi.
Maternity benefits of not less than Rs. 6000/-, in such installments as may be prescribed by Central Government.
Entitlements for Children
Every child upto the age of fourteen years shall be entitled to have entitlements for his nutritional needs:-
(a) Every child from the age of six months to age of six years shall be entitled to get appropriate meal, free of charge, through local anganwadi.
(b) In case of children, upto class 8 or within the age group of six years to fourteen years shall be entitled to have one mid-day meal, free of charge, everyday, except on school days, in schools run by local bodies, government and government aided schools
(c) The state government shall, through the local anganwadi, identify and provide meals, free of charge, to children who suffer from malnutrition, so as to meat nutritional standards.
c) FOOD SECURITY ALLOWANCE:
In case of non-supply of entitled quantities of foodgrains or meals to entitled persons, such person shall be entitle to receive such foodgrains security allowance from the concerned State Government to be paid to each person. For this, in case of short supply of foodgrains from the central pool to State, The Central Government shall provide Funds to the extent of short supply to the State Government for meeting obligations.
d) REQUIREMENT OF FOODGRAINS UNDER NFSA:
Total requirement of foodgrains under NFSA has been estimated at 614.26 lakh MTs. This includes 549.26 lakh MTs for PDS and 65.00 lakh MTs for Other Welfare Schemes.
The National Food Security Act 2013 is available at http://indiacode.nic.in/acts-in-pdf/202013.pdf